Polity India - Mauritius



The Constitution of Mauritius was adopted in 1968 after the country gained independence. It was amended in 1991 to provide for Mauritius becoming a Republic in 1992. The Constitution provides for separation of powers between the Legislature, Executive and Judiciary.


Mauritian National assembly is based on the British Westminster Parliamentary System. The National Assembly is composed of 70 members. The members are elected for a period of five years through universal suffrage, with the voting age being 18 years. Mauritius is divided into 21 constituencies, 20 on the main island electing 3 MPs each and one on the island of Rodrigues electing 2 MPs. The remaining 8 MPs are elected on the basis of a proportional representation arrangement called the ‘best loser’ system, from among the candidates who have lost the elections. This is provided to correct any imbalances between parties and communities.

Membership of Organisations:

Group of African Caribbean and Pacific Countries (ACP), African Development Bank (AfDB), African Union (AU), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Commonwealth, Community of Portugese Language Countries (CPLP) (associate), Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), Group of 77 (G-77), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), International Criminal Court (ICC), International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (ICRM), International Development Association (IDA), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), International Finance Corporation (IFC), International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCS), International Hydrographic Organisation (IHO), International Labour Organisation (ILO), International Monetary Fund (IMF), International Maritime Organisation (IMO), International Mobile Satellite Organisation (IMSO), Indian Ocean Commission (IOC), Interpol, International Organisation for Migration (IOM), Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO), International Telecommunications Satellite Organisation (ITSO), International Telecommunication Union (ITU), International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC), Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), North Indian Ocean Hydrographic Commission (NIOHC), Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), Organisation for Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) (observer), South African Development Community (SADC), United Nations (UN), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO), Universal Postal Union (UPU), World Confederation of Labour (WCL), World Customs Organisation (WCO), World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU), World Health Organisation (WHO), World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), World Meteorological Organisation (WMO), World Trade Organisation (WTO). 

[Mauritius was accorded observer status in SAARC in 2008 and participated as an observer at the 15th SAARC Summit in Colombo. Mauritius is the seat of the COMESA Fund].

Go to Navigation